14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction

14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction

14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction

Hello guys here i have explain all 14 types of cement with their actual practical uses. I hope you like this , article read it completely. I also mention Indian standard code (IS code) of various cement type.
  1. Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC)
  2. Rapid Hardening Cement
  3. Quick Setting Cement
  4. Low Heat Cement
  5. Sulfates Resisting Cement
  6. Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC)
  7. High Alumina Cement
  8. Hydrographic Cement
  9. High strength Portland Cement
  10. Blast Furnace Slag Cement
  11. Expansive Cement
  12. Masonry Cement
  13. White Cement
  14. Water Proof Cement

(1)   Ordinary Portland cement (0.P.C.) (IS: 269 - 1989):

 Ordinary Portland cement (0.P.C.) (IS: 269 - 1989)14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction
  • Used in all types of construction in areas where sea and salinity are not high.
  •  About 60% of the cement used in the India  is Portland Cement.

(2)   Rapid Hardening Cement (R.H.C.) (IS: 8041 - 1990):

  •  It has high C3S and low C2s.
  •   Hydration is faster and produces more heat. 
  •   The strength obtained from this cement is obtained in just 3 days same as 7 days strength of  Ordinary Portland cement thus get faster strength   
  •  Producing more heat which cannot be used in concrete. 
 Rapid Hardening Cement (R.H.C.) (IS: 8041 - 1990):,14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction
 Uses
  • Where to remove formwork fast
  • Road repair word
  •  In cold weather
  •  Prefabricated units

(3)   Quick Setting Cement :

  • Quick setting of cement is done but strength does not get quickly. 
  •  Aluminium sulphate is added
  •  For early setting time Gypsum is added.
Quick Setting Cement,14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction
 Uses:
  • Under water construction 
  •  For Grouting

(4)   Low Heat Cement (IS: 12600 - 1989):

  • Proportion of  C3S, C3A  Low.
  •  High C2S.
  •  Low hydration rate and low heat production.
Low Heat Cement (IS: 12600 - 1989): , 14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction
   Uses:
  • Mass Concrete (dam)
  • To produce resistance to sulphate attack  (Since C2A is low) 
  • For hot weather.

(5)   Sulphate Resisting Cement (Is: 12330 - 1988):

  • C3A levels are kept very low (about 5%). 
  •  Magnesium sulphate is react with the free Calcium Hydroxide in cement to form calcium sulphate  and by combining with Calcium Aluminate to form Calcium sulphoaluminate  ,  So that the expansion and disintegration of concrete takes place.
Sulphate Resisting Cement (Is: 12330 - 1988): , 14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction
 Uses:
  • Marine Conditions
  •  Sewage Treatment Plant
  • For RCC Pipes
  • For bases and basements in silt and muddy soils
  •  For construction of chemical industry

(6)Portland Pozzolana  Cement (IS: 1489 - 1991, Part - I):

  • This cement is made by adding powder to OPC. Or, it is made by grinding with Portland cement clinker, pozzolana and gypsum. 
  •  Natural Pozzolana → clay, shale, pumicites, volcanic ash
  • Artificial Pozzolana → Fly ash, surkhi 
Portland Pozzolana  Cement (IS: 1489 - 1991, Part - I): , 14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction
Uses:
  • Mass concrete. 
  •  For seawater construction .
  •  Hydraulic construction.

(7) High Alumina Cement (IS: 6452 - 1989):

  •   40% bauxite
  •  40% lime,
  •  15% iron oxide
  •  75% silica and magnesia
  •   80% strength In 24 Hour.
  •  Rapid hardening quality. 
High Alumina Cement (IS: 6452 - 1989):  ,14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction
 Uses:
  • For construction in seawater (due to chemical resistance)
  • As Refractory Concrete which can withstand temperature of 1600 ° C.

  (8) Hydrophobic Cement (IS: 8043 - 1991):

 Hydrophobic Cement (IS: 8043 - 1991): , 14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction

  • Stearic acid, Oleic acid, Boric acid are added during OPT clinker grinding.
  • This acid forms a layer around the cement particles which protects the cement from moisture in the air
  • Thus cement can be stored for a long time without the effect of moisture.  

  (9) High Strength Portland Cement (IS: 8112 - 1989):

  • High Strength
  • High C2S
  • High fineness of 3500 cm/gm.  
High Strength Portland Cement (IS: 8112 - 1989): , 14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction
Uses:
  • Prestress Concrete
  • Precast Concrete
  • Air Field works 

 (10) Blast furnace slag cement (IS: 455 - 1989):

  • Made by grading of OPC clicker, gypsum and blast furnace slag (waste in the production of pig). 
  • It produces low heat of hydration so cannot be used in cold region.  
Blast furnace slag cement (IS: 455 - 1989): , 14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction
Uses:
  • Useful in Mass Concrete. 
  • Used for construction in seawater.

 (11) Expansive Cement:

  • This cement is  made by grinding OPC clinker, alumina cement, gypsum etc.
  • The cement shrinks during the concrete setting process.
Expansive Cement , 14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction
Uses:
  • War  Timely repair works
  • Shrinkage prevention
  • Cement stabilization
  • Emergency works

(12) Masonary Cement (IS: 3466 - 1988):

 , 14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction

  • Grinding inert materials such as limestone, dolomite gypsum, dolomite limestone and air-intended plasticizer with OPC clicker into the appropriate mixture. 
  • Can be used in place of lime motor, cement mortar, lime-cement mortar. 
  • Defects found in OPC such as compression cracks, vertebral defects, plastic mixes, etc. can be removed with this cement. 
  •  Used extensively in constructions where low strength is required.

(13) White Cement (Is: 8042 - 1989):

  • The gray colour of cement does not come due to low iron oxide content while making cement.  Using oil as fuel instead of coal in the kiln when making cement does not cause impurities in the cement and gives the color white.  

    White Cement (Is: 8042 - 1989): , 14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction
    Uses:
  •   Flooring like glaze tiles and mosaic tiles.
  •  Aesthetic view.

 (14)  Water Proof Cement:

  Water Proof Cement: , 14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction

  • This cement is made by adding gypsum prepared in waterproof substances like calcium stearate, aluminum stearate and tannic acid.
  • This cement is used to reduce the permeability of concrete.


14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction 14 Types of Cement And Their Practical Uses in Concrete Construction Reviewed by ssorthiya58@gmail.com on 7/03/2020 07:06:00 PM Rating: 5

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