Classification Of Building According To National Building Code

Classification Of Building According To National Building Code


CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS AS PER NBC

According to the National Building Code of India - NBC [SP: 7-2005), buildings are classified based on occupancy as follows :

1.      Residential buildings
2.      Educational buildings
3.      Assembly buildings
4.      Institutional buildings
5.      Mercantile buildings
6.      Business buildings
7.      Storage buildings
8.      Industrial buildings
9.      Hazardous buildings

1.      Residential Buildings :


These are the buildings in which sleeping accommodation is provided for normal residential purposes with or without cooking or dining or both facilities.

 Residential buildings,house,CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS AS PER NBC
CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS AS PER NBC

 It includes,
  • Private dwelling houses
  •  apartment houses (flats)
  •  bungalows
  •  School and college dormitories
  • Hostels
  •  Hotels
  • Military barracks, etc

2. Educational Buildings

Educational Buildings,school,college,CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS AS PER NBC
school
These hall include any building used for school, college or day-care purposes involving assembly for instruction, education or recreation

3. Institutional Buildings

These shall include any building or part thereof which is used for purposes such as medical or other treatment or care of persons suffering from physical or mental illness or disease, care of infants, convalescents of aged persons and for penal or correctional detention in which the liberty of the inmates is re- stricted. Institutional buildings ordinarily provide sleeping accommodation for the occupants.
Institutional Buildings,hospital,CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS AS PER NBC CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS AS PER NBC
hospital

It includes.
  •  Hospitals
  • Nursing homes
  • Sanatoria
  •  Mental Hospitals
  •  Jails, Prisons
  • Orphanges, etc.

4. Assembly Buildings:

These shall include any building or part thereof where a group of people gather for recreation, amuse- ment, social, religious, political, civil, travel and similar purposes.

Assembly Buildings , CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS AS PER NBC
Assembly Buildings
Assembly Buildings ,skating ring, CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS AS PER NBC

For example,
  • Theatres
  • Cinema halls
  • Assembly halls
  • Exhibition halls
  • Auditoriums
  • Gymnasiums
  • Skating rings
  • Marriage halls
  • Museums
  • Places of worship Club rooms
  • Dance halls
  • Railway stations
  • Bus stations
  • Airports etc.
5. Business Buildings:

These shall include any building or part of a building which is used for transaction of business, for the keeping of accounts and records for similar purposes.
The principal function of these buildings is transaction of public business and the keeping of books and records.
Business Buildings,town hall,CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS AS PER NBC
town hall

 For example,
  •  Court houses
  •  City halls
  • Town halls
  •  Libraries
  • Officies
  •  Banks, etc.

6. Mercantile Buildings :

Mercantile Buildings, shops, CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS AS PER NBC
Shop

These shall include any building or a part of a building which is used as shops, stores, market, for display and sale of merchandise, either wholesale or retail.

7.Industrial Buildings:
 
These shall include any building or part of a building or structure in which products or materials of all kinds and properties are fabricated, assembled or processed.


Industrial Buildings, power plants,CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS AS PER NBC
power plant
 For example,
  • Assembly plants
  • Power plants
  •  Refineries Mills
  • Gas plants
  • Industries, etc.
  • Dairies

8. Storage Buildings:

These shall include any building or part of a building primarily used for the storage or sheltering of goods, wares or merchandise.


Storage Buildings,ware house,CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS AS PER NBC
Ware house
 For example,
  • Warehouses
  • Transit sheds
  •  Freight depots
  • Garages
  • Hangers
  • Grain elevators
  • Stables etc.

9. Hazardous Buildings

These shall include any building or part of a building which is used for the storage, handling, manufacture or processing of highly combustible explosive materials or products which are liable to burn with extreme rapidity or which may produce poisonous fumes or explosions.

Hazardous Buildings,CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS AS PER NBC
Hazardous Buildings
These shall also include buildings used for storage, handling, manufacturing or processing which In- valve highly corrosive, toxic or noxious alkalies, acids or other liquids or chemicals producing flame, fumes and explosive etc.



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Classification Of Building According To National Building Code Classification Of Building According To National Building Code Reviewed by ssorthiya58@gmail.com on 5/09/2020 08:02:00 PM Rating: 5

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